Fox Kuddurrus


The Babylonian Fox Kudurrus

The Babylonian kudurrus of King Melishipak (1185-1171 BC) and King Marduk-zakir-shumi (854-819 BC). 


Kudurrus were legal inscriptions for land grants by the King and included the symbols of gods who sanctified the transfer of property.  They were instituted by the Kassite rulers of Babylon near the end of the second millennium BC.  The Kassites were a people of Iranian origin.




The strongest physical evidence for a fox constellation comes from these two boundary stones which show the fox in association with Aries The Ram and the Pleiades, The Stars. 


The Fox and Seven Stars   

The Fox Images on Babylonian Kudurru Stones


The evidence points to The Fox being the constellation that the Greeks called Cetus.  During the second and first millennia BC this was closely allied to the position of the vernal equinox where the path of the sun crosses the celestial equator, now known as the First Point of Aries.


The Babylonian Fox Constellation

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